Next to pasta, pizza is the national dish of Italians. Basically, it is no different from a sandwich made from yeast dough that is baked in a hot oven. The topping consists of puree, basil, and grated cheese, and various other conditions. There is a rule template for an almost incalculable number of types of pizza. The food industry in particular is bringing new types of pizza onto the market. Their flavors range from BBQ to Indian. But they usually have little to do with the other types of pizza, all of their round shape, in this article, we will discover the history of pizza and some facts about it.


History of the pizza

The history of pizza is expensive. It is only assumed that the Greeks and Etruscans baked flat slices of dough on hot stones in or around the fire and then seasoned them with olive oil and others. The pizza was once known as nothing more than a flatbread wound with olive oil and herbs, similar to the now known pizza bread focaccia. The Romans adopted the recipe from the Etruscans and Greeks and the guidelines throughout Italy. The original pizza became popular in the region around Naples.

The pizza was a poor man’s meal. It was only with the introduction of the tomato around 1520 that one’s own bread turned into a juicier pizza, which became very popular among the personal people in Naples. The world’s first pizzeria in history was run there in 1830.

In 1889 the Italian King Umbertto I and his wife Margherita visited his empire. In Naples in which they stand on the streets, the round flatbread is eaten. Curious, she ordered three pizzas from Raffaele Esposito, the person in charge of Pizzeria Pietro il Pizzaiolo. The simple variant with tomatoes, mozzarella, and basil, which is transformed in their colors, white and green, of the national flag, found important approval with Queen Margherita. The “Pizza Margherita” was born.

Late 19th century Italian emigrants also old the pizza to America. In the absence of certain rights, an American-style pizza was created there. In contrast to the same flat, freely pushed political pizza, the American pizza was baked in a pan. The bottom is able to get thicker and differentiate itself, such as kidney beans, ground beef and peppers.

In 1948 the first ready-made pizza dough was sold and in 1957 the italo-owned Celentano brothers offered the first frozen ready-made pizza in history.

History of the name ‘Pizza’

The origin of the word “pizza” is unclear. There are several different theories about the origin of the word:

  • The Neapolitan verb piceà or pizzà describes the “plucking” hand movement with which the hot pizza is pulled out of the oven
  • Loan word from Arabic: ‘pita’ means ‘bread’
  • From the Italian word ‘pizzo’ = ‘lace, goatee’
  • Origin in the Lombard language is derived from the German word ‘Bissen’

Different types of Pizza

There is an almost infinite number of types of pizza. To list them all is beyond the scope of this brief introduction to the subject of pizza. Nevertheless, there are some ‘classics’ and basic varieties that should not be left unmentioned:

  • Margherita: with mozzarella and basil
  • Pizzaiola: with tomato and garlic sauce
  • Diavolo: spicy pizza
  • Calzone: The original pizza, folding pizza with a wide variety of fillings (from calza for stocking or calzoni for trousers)

Other common toppings that are directly derived from Italian are: Funghi (mushrooms), Prosciutto (ham), al Tonno (tuna), Quattro Formaggi (four cheeses), Cipolla (onion), Marinara (seafood).

American Style Pizza: The pizza variant often offered in the USA has a thicker base than the Italian pizza. It is baked in a special pizza pan. It is also sprinkled with far more cheese. Other names for ‘American Pizza’ are Chicago style, deep dish, or Sicilian.

Here, more about Pizza, Italian food, and Pizza Soup.

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